Cherokee Trail of Tears Beans
This variety was brought by the Cherokees during their journey on the Trail of Tears. Following the Treaty of New Echota, the American government decided to enforce the Indian Removal Act and to strip Native Americans from their land to offer it to white colonizers. Ensued imprisonment and tribe deportation to other territories, to the West of the Mississipi.
Most of the deportees were displaced by boat, but 18,000 of them walked over 3,000 km. They started their journey in October 1838 and arrived to Fort Gibson in March 1839. Thorough the trip, 4,000 died because of winter’s hardships. This is where the name Trail of Tears, or The Trail where they cried, comes form.
Package: 25 seeds
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Latin name : Phaseolus vulgaris var. communis‘ Cherokee Trail of Tears’
Common names : Bean, Pole bean, Dry bean
French : Haricot Trail of Tears, haricot grimpant, haricot vert, haricot sec
Family : Fabaceae
Plant type : Annual
Habit : Climbing
Height : About 1.5 m
Width : Depends on the stake’s width
Maturity : Early fall
Sowing : Directly outside, after the last frost
Depth : 2-3 cm
Germination : 5 to 10 days
Soil : Any
Exposure : Full sun
Plant spacing : About 8 cm
Row spacing : 75 cm
Watering : Once the seeds have started to germinate, make sure the seedlings receive plenty of water until the first true leaves appear
Care and other considerations : Avoid handling or weeding when the plants are still wet to prevent the spread of diseases.
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It was brought by the first colonizers to New France. From then on, it became a key part of daily meals.
In the 1760s, with the arrival of the potato, the consumption of broad beans decreases all over Quebec except for a few regions. The 'Petite du Lac' variety probably comes from one of this period.
Alphonse Gauthier, former agronomist and horticulture professor at Institut de technologie agricole de La Pocatière, sent 'Petite du Lac' seeds to England (precise location unknown) for analysis. He was told that this cultivar had adapted to the Saguenay region and thus developped its own characteristics, making it stand out from this much bigger relative, the Windsor broad bean.
It is mostly eaten in soups, and brings a lot of energy. It is easy to store for the winter once dry.
Please refer to Potager d'Antan for more informations (in French): https://potagersdantan.com/2011/09/14/la-gourgane-petite-du-lac/
Package: 20 seeds
This bean comes from Romania. It was given to me by an old gardener from a community garden. He emigrated to Canada after the war and brought this bean with him, more than 50 years ago.
He prefers to eat the Fideluta half-dry, as shell beans, when the seeds are still young but already big in size.
Delicious in cassoulet stew.
Pkt : 25 seeds.