True Red Cranberry Bean
Maturity: 100 days
Climbing shelling bean. This variety comes from the Abenaki First Nations. It is part of Slow Food’s Ark of Taste. The beans, once dry, are a flamboyant red which makes them resemble cranberries. White hilum. Rich Flavour.
Rare variety, rediscovered by the bean collector John Withee, who obtained it from M. Taylor of Steep Falls, Maine after 11 years of research. He had read the description in an encyclopedia dating back from the 1700s. In 1981, John Withee donated his collection of 1,186 beans to the Seed Savers Exchange organization (U.S.). This variety is found in a number of catalogues from the East of New England in the 1850s, including in one from Montreal dated from 1899. It mentioned that this variety was very popular.
Package: 20 seeds
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Latin name : Phaseolus vulgaris
Common names : Pole beans
French : Haricot Abénaquis, True Cranberry, haricot canneberge.
Family : Fabaceae
Plant type : Annual
Habit : Climbing
Height : More than 2 m
Width : 20-30 cm
Days to maturity : 100 days for dry beans
Sowing : Directly in the garden, after the last frost
Depth : 2 cm
Germination : 5-12 days
Soil : Any
Exposure : Sunny
Plant spacing : 15 cm
Row spacing : 30-35 cm
Watering : If needed
Care and other considerations :
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It was brought by the first colonizers to New France. From then on, it became a key part of daily meals.
In the 1760s, with the arrival of the potato, the consumption of broad beans decreases all over Quebec except for a few regions. The 'Petite du Lac' variety probably comes from one of this period.
Alphonse Gauthier, former agronomist and horticulture professor at Institut de technologie agricole de La Pocatière, sent 'Petite du Lac' seeds to England (precise location unknown) for analysis. He was told that this cultivar had adapted to the Saguenay region and thus developped its own characteristics, making it stand out from this much bigger relative, the Windsor broad bean.
It is mostly eaten in soups, and brings a lot of energy. It is easy to store for the winter once dry.
Please refer to Potager d'Antan for more informations (in French): https://potagersdantan.com/2011/09/14/la-gourgane-petite-du-lac/
Package: 20 seeds
Old dwarf cultivar from Beauce, Quebec. Its green pods are covered with purple stripes. It can be eaten as green or dry beans. According to many, they're the best choice to make baked beans (fèves au lard). However, Boucher Family bean fans disagree. The solution? Mix 'em both!
Beauce territory was originally occupied by the Iroquoian Nation of the Saint-Lawrence. It is therefore a possibility that this bean comes from a variety that they were growing. With the arrival of the first Colonizers many trades happened, among which beans were handed to the newcomers. With this gift, they then continued selection over many years to create different varieties.
This variety, Thibodeau du comté Beauce, was found by Mr Marc Warsha. He was given the seeds by Mr Martin Roy from St-Zacharie, in Beauce. The cultivation of this bean had been carried for 4 generations, starting with the great-great-grandmother of Martin Roy, as far as we can trace back.
The name, Thibodeau du comté Beauce, was first listed in the Seed of Diversity catalogue in 2003.
Package: 30 seeds
This bean comes from Romania. It was given to me by an old gardener from a community garden. He emigrated to Canada after the war and brought this bean with him, more than 50 years ago.
He prefers to eat the Fideluta half-dry, as shell beans, when the seeds are still young but already big in size.
Delicious in cassoulet stew.
Pkt : 25 seeds.